[33:1] O Prophet, fear Allah and do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Surely Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
[33:2] Follow what is revealed to you from your Lord. Surely Allah is All-Aware of what you do;
[33:3] and place your trust in Allah. Allah is enough as a guardian.
[33:4] Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his chest cavity, nor did he make your wives whom you subjected to Zihar, your mothers, nor did he make your adopted sons your (real) sons. That is (merely) a word uttered by your mouth. And Allah says the truth and He shows the (right) way.
[33:5] Call them by (the name of) their (real) fathers; It is more equitable in the sight of Allah. And if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in faith and your friends. There is no sin on you in the mistake you make, but in that which you do with intention of your heart; and Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.
[33:6] The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers, and those having mutual kinship are closer to one another (for the purpose of inheritance) than (other) believers and emigrants according to the Book of Allah unless you do some good to your friends (by making a will in their favor). This had been written in the Book (the Preserved Tablet).
[33:7]And (recall) when We took from the prophets their covenant, and from you and from Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and Isa, the son of Maryam, and We did take from them a firm covenant,
[33:8] so that He (Allah) may ask the truthful ones about their truth. And He has prepared a painful punishment for the disbelievers.
[33:9] O you who believe, remember Allah‘s favor to you when the forces (of the infidels) came upon you, and We sent upon them a wind, and the forces (of angels) you did not see. Allah is watchful of whatever you do.
[33:10] (Recall) when they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes were distracted, and the hearts reached the throats, and you were thinking about Allah all sorts of thoughts.
[33:11] On that occasion, the believers were put to a trial and were shaken with a violent convulsion.
[33:12] (Remember) when the hypocrites and those having malady in their hearts were saying, Allah and His Messenger did not promise us but deceitfully;
[33:13] and when a group of them said, O people of Yathrib (Madinah), there is no place for you to stay; so go back. And a group of them was seeking permission (to leave) from the prophet, saying, In fact, our homes are vulnerable, while they were not vulnerable; they wanted nothing but to escape.
[33:14] And if it (Madinah) is entered (by the enemy, in their presence,) from all its sides and they are asked (to join) the mischief, they would readily commit it, and would not remain in them (their homes) but for a short while.
[33:15] despite that they had already made a covenant with Allah that they would not turn their backs, and a covenant with Allah has to be answered for.
[33:16] Say, The flight will never be of any use to you, if you flee from death or killing, and even then you will not be left to enjoy (life) but for a little while…
[33:17] Say, Who is there to protect you from Allah, if He intends evil to you, or (who is there to prevent Him) if He intends mercy for you? Besides Allah, they will not find for themselves either a friend or a helper.
[33:18] Allah does know the ones from among you who prevent (others from joining the battle) and those who say to their brothers, Come along with us, and who do not come to the battle but for a little while,
[33:19] (and that too) with a greed against you (i.e. to extract a share of spoils from you). But when fear comes, you will see them looking towards you, rolling their eyes, like the one who gets faint because of death. Then once fear is gone, they assail you with sharp tongues, in greed for the good (i.e. the wealth acquired as spoils). These people did not accept the faith (in real terms), therefore Allah has nullified their acts. All this is so easy for Allah.
[33:20] They think that the coalition forces have not (yet) gone. And should the coalition forces come (again), they would like to be living in the countryside among the Bedouins, asking (others) about your news. And even if they were to remain among you, they would not fight, but a little.
[33:21] There is indeed a good model for you in the Messenger of Allah – for the one who has hope in Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah profusely.
[33:22] When the believers saw the coalition forces, they said, This is what Allah and His messenger had promised to us, and Allah and His messenger had told the truth… It only improved them further in faith and submission.
[33:23] Among the believers, there are men who came true to the covenant they had with Allah. So, some of them have fulfilled their vows (by sacrificing their lives in the way of Allah), and some of them are (still) waiting, and they did not change (their commitment) in the least.
[33:24] (All this happened) so that Allah may give reward to the truthful ones for their truthfulness, and punish the hypocrites, if He so wills, or accept their repentance. Surely, Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very- Merciful.
[33:25] Allah has turned back the disbelievers with all their rage, having achieved no good; and Allah sufficed the believers against fighting. And Allah is Powerful, Mighty.
[33:26] He has brought those of the people of the Book (the Jews) who had backed them, down from their fortresses, and cast awe into their hearts, so as to make you kill some of them and take others as captives;
[33:27] and He let you inherit their land and their homes and their wealth, and a land you have not trodden (so far). And Allah is Powerful to do anything.
[33:28] O prophet, say to your wives, If you intend (to have the pleasure of) worldly life and its charm, then come on, and I shall give you some stuff, and release you in a handsome fashion;
[33:29] but if you intend (to gain the pleasure of) Allah and His messenger and (the betterment of) the Hereafter, then, Allah has prepared a great reward for those of you who are good in their deeds…
[33:30] O wives of the Prophet, whoever from among you will commit a clearly shameful act, the punishment will be doubled for her, and it is easy for Allah to do so.
[33:31] And whoever of you stays obedient to Allah and His messenger, and acts righteously, We shall give her twice her reward, and We have prepared for her a prestigious provision.
[33:32] O wives of the prophet, you are not like any other women, if you observe taqwa (righteousness). So, do not be too soft in your speech, lest someone having the disease in his heart should develop fancies (about you); and do speak with appropriate words.
[33:33] Remain in your homes, and do not display (your) beauty as it used to be displayed in the days of earlier ignorance; and establish Salah, and pay Zakah, and obey Allah and His messenger. Allah only intends to keep (all sorts of) filth away from you, O members of the family (of the prophet), and to make you pure through a perfect purification.
[33:34] And be mindful of Allah‘s verses and the wisdom that is recited in your homes. Surely, Allah is All-Kind, All-Aware.
[33:35] Surely, Muslim men and Muslim women, believing men and believing women, devout men and devout women, truthful men and truthful women, patient men and patient women, humble men and humble women, and the men who give Sadaqah (charity) and the women who give Sadaqah, and the men who fast and the women who fast, and the men who guard their private parts (against evil acts) and the women who guard (theirs), and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember (Him) – for them, Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward.
[33:36] It is not open for a believing man or a believing woman, once Allah and His messenger have decided a thing, that they should have a choice about their matter; and whoever disobeys Allah and His messenger, he indeed gets off the track, falling into an open error.
[33:37] (Remember) when you (O Prophet,) were saying to the one who was favored by Allah and favored by you, 16. Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah… And you were concealing in your heart what Allah was going to reveal, and you were fearing people, while Allah is more entitled to be feared by you. So, when Zaid finished his desire for her, We gave her into your marriage, so that there may not be a problem for the believers in marrying wives of their adopted sons when they finish their desire for them; and Allah‘s decree had to be enforced.
[33:38] There is no problem for the prophet in (doing) what Allah has prescribed for him, a customary practice of Allah in the case of those who have gone before – and Allah‘s command is pre-determined by destiny –
[33:39] those who convey the messages of Allah and have awe of Him, and have no awe of anyone except Allah. Allah is sufficient to take account (of everyone).
[33:40] Muhammad is not a father of any of your men, but he is a messenger of Allah and the last of the prophets. And Allah has the Knowledge of everything.
[33:41] O you who believe, remember Allah abundantly,
[33:42] and proclaim His purity at morn and eve.
[33:43] He is such that He and His angels send blessings to you so that He brings you out from all sorts of darkness into light, and He is Very-Merciful to the believers.
[33:44] Their greeting, on the Day when they will meet Him, will be, Salam . . And He has prepared for them a noble reward.
[33:45] O prophet, We have sent you as a witness and as a bearer of good news and a warner,
[33:46] and as the one who calls (people) towards Allah with His permission, and as a luminous lamp.
[33:47] So give good news to the believers that they are going to receive a huge bounty from Allah;
[33:48] and do not obey the infidels and the hypocrites, and just ignore any hurt (that afflicts you) from them, and place your trust in Allah. Allah is sufficient (for you) to take care of all matters.
[33:49] O you who believe, when you marry the believing women, and then divorce them before you have touched them, then they have no obligation of any iddah (waiting period) for you that you may count. So give them (due) benefits, and release them in a pleasant manner.
[33:50] O prophet, We have made lawful for you all your wives whom you have given their dowers, and those (bondwomen) whom you own, out of the captives Allah has given to you as spoils of war, and daughters of your paternal uncle, and daughters of your paternal aunts, and daughters of your maternal uncle, and daughters of your maternal aunts, who have migrated with you, and a believing woman who offers herself for (marrying) the prophet without dower, if the prophet wishes to bring her into his marriage, these rules being exclusive for you, and not for the (rest of the) believers, — We know what We have prescribed for them in respect of their wives and the slave-girls they own — so that there should be no difficulty for you. Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.
[33:51] You may postpone (the turn) of anyone you wish from among them and may accommodate with you anyone you wish. And should you recall anyone from those whom you kept aside, there is no blame on you. It is more likely, in this way, that their eyes will stay content, and they will not grieve, and all of them will be happy with whatever you give to them. Allah knows whatever lies in your hearts, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
[33:52] No women are lawful for you after this, nor is it lawful that you replace them (the present wives) with other wives, even though their goodness may attract you, except the bond-women you own. And Allah is watchful of everything.
[33:53] O you who believe, do not enter the houses of the Prophet unless you are permitted for a meal, not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, go inside. Then, once you have had the meal, just disperse, and (do) not (sit for long) being keen for a chat. This (conduct of yours) hurts the Prophet, but he feels shy of (telling) you (about it), but Allah is not shy of the truth. And when you ask anything from them (the blessed wives of the Prophet), ask them from behind a curtain. That is better for the purity of your hearts and their hearts. It is not allowed for you that you hurt Allah‘s Messenger, nor that you ever marry his wives after him. Indeed, it would be an enormity in the sight of Allah.
[33:54] If you disclose anything, or conceal it, Allah is All-Knowing about everything.
[33:55] There is no sin for them (the wives of the Prophet) in (appearing without Hijab before) their fathers, or their brothers, or the sons of their brothers, or the sons of their sisters, or their own (Muslim) women, or their slave-girls. And (O wives of the Prophet,) fear Allah. Surely, Allah is a witness to everything.
[33:56] Surely, Allah and His angels send blessings to the Prophet. O you who believe, do pray Allah to bless him and send your Salam (prayer for his being in peace) to him in abundance.
[33:57] Surely, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger are cursed by Allah in this world and in the Hereafter, and He has prepared for them a humiliating punishment.
[33:58] As for those who hurt believing men and believing women without their having done anything (wrong), they shall bear the burden of slander and a manifest sin.
[33:59] O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they should draw down their shawls over them. That will make it more likely that they are recognized, hence not teased. And Allah is Most-Forgiving, VeryMerciful.
[33:60] If the hypocrites and those having malady in their hearts and the ones who spread rumors in Madinah do not stop (their evil deeds), We will certainly stir you up against them, then they shall no longer live in it as your neighbors, but for a little while,
[33:61] (and that too in a state of being) accursed. Wherever they are found, they shall be seized and shall be killed thoroughly.
[33:62] _ a consistent practice of Allah in the matter of those who have gone before. And you will never find a change in Allah‘s consistent practice.
[33:63] People ask you about the Hour (i.e. the Day of Judgment). Say, Its knowledge is only with Allah… And what can let you know? Maybe, the Hour is near.
[33:64] Surely, Allah has cursed the infidels, and has prepared for them a flaming fire,
[33:65] wherein they will live forever, finding no one to protect or to help.
[33:66] The Day their faces will be rolled in the fire, they will say, Oh, would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!
[33:67] And they will say, Our Lord, we obeyed our chiefs and our elders, and they made us go astray from the path.
[33:68] Our Lord, give them twice the punishment and send a curse on them, an enormous curse.
[33:69] O you who believe, be not like those who annoyed Musa, then Allah cleared him of what they alleged, and he was honorable in the sight of Allah.
[33:70] O you who believe, fear Allah and speak in straightforward words.
[33:71] (If you do so,) Allah will correct your deeds for your benefit, and forgive your sins for you. Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger achieves great success.
[33:72] We did offer the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to bear its burden and were afraid of it, and the man picked it up. Indeed he is unjust (to himself), unaware (of the end).
[33:73] The result (of all this) is that Allah will punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the Mushriks, men, and women, and will accept the repentance of the believing men and women. Surely Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.