Meaning of Quran

Al-Baqarah | The Cow

With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful.

[2:1] Alif. Lam. Mim.

[2:2] This Book has no doubt in it – a guidance for the God-fearing.

[2:3] who believe in the Unseen, and are steadfast in Salah (prayer), and spend out of what We have provided them

[2:4] And who believe in what has been revealed to you and what has been revealed before you, and they have faith in the Hereafter.

[2:5] It is these who are guided by their Lord, and it is just these who are successful.

[2:6] Surely for those who have disbelieved, it is all the same whether you warn them or you warn them not: they do not believe.

[2:7] Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes, there is a covering, and for them awaits a mighty punishment.

[2:8] And among men there are some who say, “We believe in Allah and in the Last Day”, yet they are not believers.

[2:9] They try to deceive Allah and those who believe, while they are not deceiving anyone except themselves, although they are unaware of it.

[2:10] In their hearts there is a malady, so Allah has made them grow in their malady; and for them, there is grievous punishment, because they have been lying.

[2:11] When it is said to them, “Do not spread disorder on the earth”, they say, “We are but reformers”.

[2:12] Beware, it is, in fact, they who spread disorder, but they do not appreciate it.

[2:13] And when it is said to them, “Believe as people have believed”, they say, “Shall we believe as the fools have believed?” Beware, it is, in fact, they who are the fools, but they do not know.

[2:14] When they meet those who believe, they say, “We have entered Faith”; but when they are alone with their satans, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mocking”.

[2:15] It is Allah who mocks at them and lets them go on wandering blindly in their rebellion.

[2:16] These are the people who have bought error at the price of guidance; so their trade has brought no gain, nor have they reached the right Path.

[2:17] Their situation is like that of a man who kindles a fire, and when it illuminates everything around him, Allah takes away their lights and leaves them in layers of darkness, so that they see nothing.

[2:18] Deaf, dumb and blind, they shall not return.

[2:19] Or (it is) like a rainstorm from the sky, bringing darkness, thunder, and lightning; they thrust their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps for fear of death, and Allah encompasses the disbelievers.

[2:20] And lightning (all but) snatches away their eyesight; every time a flash gives them light, they walk by it; and when darkness falls upon them, they stand still. And if Allah willed, He would certainly take away their hearing and their eyes: surely Allah is powerful to do anything.

[2:21] O people, worship your Lord who created you and those before you, so that you may become God-fearing.

[2:22] He is the One who made the earth a bed for you, and the sky a roof, and sent down water from the sky, then brought forth with it fruits, as a provision for you. So, do not set up parallels to Allah when you know.

[2:23] If you are in doubt about what We have revealed to Our servant, then bring a Surah similar to this, and do call your supporters other than Allah, if you are true.

[2:24] But if you do not – and you will never be able to – then guard yourselves against the Fire, the fuel of which will be men and stones. It has been prepared for disbelievers.

[2:25] And give good news to those who believe and do righteous deeds that for them there are gardens beneath which rivers flow. Every time they are given a fruit from there to eat, they will say, “This is what we have been given before”; and they will be given (fruits) resembling one another. And for them there shall be wives purified, and there they will live forever.

[2:26] Indeed, Allah does not feel shy in citing any parable, be it that of a gnat or of something above it (in meanness). Now, as for those who believe, they know it is the truth from their Lord; while those who disbelieve say, “What could Allah have meant by this parable?” By this He lets many go astray, and by this, He makes many find guidance. But He does not let anyone go astray thereby except those who are sinful.

[2:27] Those who break the Covenant of Allah after it has been made binding, and cut off the relations Allah has commanded to be joined, and spread disorder on the earth – it is these who are the losers.

[2:28] How is it that you deny Allah, while you were lifeless and He gave you life; then He will make you die, and then He will make you live again, and then to Him, you will be returned?

[2:29] It is He who created for you all that the earth contains; then He turned to the heavens and made them seven skies — and He is the knower of all things.

[2:30] (Remember) when your Lord said to the angels, “I am going to create a deputy on the earth!” They said, “Will You create there one who will
spread disorder on the earth and cause bloodshed, while we proclaim Your purity, along with your praise, and sanctify Your name?” He said, “Certainly, I know what you know not”.

[2:31] And He taught Adam the names, all of them; then presented them before the angels, and said, “Tell me their names, if you are right”.

[2:32] They said, “To You belongs all purity! We have no knowledge except what You have given us. Surely, You alone are the All-knowing, All-wise”.

[2:33] He said, “O Adam, tell them the names of all these”. When he told them their names, Allah said, “Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the skies and of the earth and that I know what you disclose and what you conceal”.

[2:34] And when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam!” So, they prostrated themselves, all but Iblis (Satan). He refused and became one of the infidels.

[2:35] And We said, “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise; and eat at pleasure wherever you like, but do not go near this tree, otherwise you will be (counted) among the transgressors”.

[2:36] Then, Satan caused them to slip from it and brought them out of where they had been. And We said, “Go down, all of you, some of you the enemies of others; and on the earth, there will be for you a dwelling place and enjoyment for a time”.

[2:37] Then Adam learned certain words (to pray with) from his Lord; so, Allah accepted his repentance. No doubt, He is the Most-Relenting, the Very-Merciful.

[2:38] We said, “Go down from here, all of you. Then, should some guidance come to you from Me, those who follow My guidance shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.

[2:39] As for those who disbelieve, and deny Our signs, they are the people of the Fire. They shall dwell in it forever.

[2:40] O Children of Isra‘il (the Israelites), remember My blessing that I conferred upon you, and fulfill the covenant with Me, and I shall fulfill your covenant, and have awe of Me alone.

[2:41] And have faith in what I have revealed, confirming what is already with you, and do not be the first to deny it, nor take a paltry price for My verses. Fear Me alone.

[2:42] and do not confound truth with falsehood, and do not hide the truth when you know (it).

[2:43] And be steadfast in Salah (prayer), and pay Zakah, and bow down with those who bow down.

[2:44] Do you enjoin righteousness upon others while you ignore your own selves, although you keep reciting the Book? Have you then no sense?

[2:45] Seek help through patience and prayer. It is indeed exacting, but not for those who are humble in their hearts,

[2:46] who bear in mind that they are to meet their Lord and that to Him they are to return.

[2:47] O Children of Isra‘il (Israel), remember My blessing that I conferred upon you and that I gave you excellence over the worlds;

[2:48] and guard yourselves against a day when no one shall stand for anyone in anything, nor shall intercession be accepted on anyone‘s behalf, nor shall ransom be taken from him, and neither shall any be given support.

[2:49] (Remember) when We delivered you from the people of Pharaoh! They had been inflicting on you grievous torment, slaughtering your sons and leaving your women alive. In all that, there was a great trial from your Lord.

[2:50] And (recall) when We parted the sea for you; then We saved you, and drowned the people of Pharaoh while you were looking on!

[2:51] And when We appointed forty nights for Musa, then you took the calf (as God) thereafter, and you were unjust.

[2:52] Yet We pardoned you, even after that, so that you may show gratitude.

[2:53] Then We gave Musa the Book and the Criterion (of right and wrong), so that you may find the right path.

[2:54] When Musa said to his people. My people, you have wronged yourselves by your taking the calf (as God). So, turn in repentance to your Creator, and slay yourselves. That will be better for you in the sight of your Creator. Then, He accepted your repentance. Indeed He is the Most-Relenting, the Very-Merciful.

[2:55] When you said, “Musa, we will never believe you till we see Allah openly!” So, the thunderbolt took you while you were looking on.

[2:56] Then, We raised you up after your death, so that you might show gratitude.

[2:57] And We made the cloud give you shade, and sent down to you Mann and Salwa: “Eat of the good things We have provided to you”. And they (by their ingratitude) did Us no harm but were harming only themselves.

[2:58] When We said, “Enter this town, and eat to your heart‘s content wherever you wish in it; and enter the gate prostrating yourselves and say: HiTTah (we seek forgiveness) so that We forgive your errors. And We shall give much more to those who do good”.

[2:59] But those who were unjust substituted another word for the one that was prescribed for them. So, We sent down a scourge from heaven upon those who were unjust, because they had acted sinfully.

[2:60] When Musa sought water for his people, We said, “Strike the rock with your staff”, and twelve springs gushed forth from it. Each group of people came to know their drinking place. .Eat and drink what Allah has provided, and do not go about the earth spreading disorder.

[2:61] And when you said, “Musa, we will no longer confine ourselves to a single food: So, pray for us to your Lord that He may bring forth for us of what the earth grows — of its vegetable, its cucumbers, its wheat, its lentils, and its onions”. He said, “Do you want to take what is inferior in exchange for what is better? Go down to a town, and you will have what you ask for”. Then they were stamped with disgrace and misery, and they returned with wrath from Allah. That was because they used to deny the signs of Allah, and would slay the prophets unjustly. That was because they disobeyed and transgressed all limits.

[2:62] Surely, those who believed in Allah, and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabians, __whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day, and does good deeds – all such people will have their reward with their Lord, and there will be no reason for them to fear, nor shall they grieve.

[2:63] And when We took the pledge from you and raised high above you the (Mount of) Tur: “Hold fast to what We have given to you, and remember what is in it, so that you may become God-fearing”.

[2:64] Then even after that, you turned away. So, had it not been for the grace of Allah upon you, and His mercy, you would have been among the losers.

[2:65] Certainly, you have knowledge of those among you who transgressed in (the matter of) the Sabbath. We said to them, “Become apes, based”.

[2:66] Thus, We made it a deterrent for those around and (those who came) after them — and a lesson for the God-fearing.

[2:67] When Musa said to his people, “Allah commands you to slaughter a cow”, they said, “Are you making fun of us?” He said, “I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant”.

[2:68] They said, “Pray for us to your Lord that He makes it clear to us what sort (of a cow) should she be”. He said, “He says she should be a cow neither too old, nor too young – of some middle age in between. Now, do what you are being asked to do”.

[2:69] They said, “Pray for us to your Lord that He makes it clear to us of what color it should be”. He said: “He says that she should be a yellow cow, rich yellow in her color that should please the onlookers”.

[2:70] They said, “Pray for us to your Lord that He makes it clear to us of what sort should she be, for this cow has made us confused and, if Allah wills, We shall certainly take the right course”.

[2:71] He said, “He says that it should be a cow which is not tractable for tilling the soil or in watering the fields, (and it should be) sound and without blemish”. They said, “Now, you have come up with the right description”. Then they slaughtered her, although it appeared that they would not do it.

[2:72] And when you killed a man and started putting the blame for it on one another, while Allah was to bring forth what you were holding back.

[2:73] So, We said, “Strike him with a part of it”. This is how Allah revives the dead; and He shows you His signs, so that you may understand.

[2:74] When, even after that, your hearts were hardened, as if they were rocks, or still worse in hardness. For surely among the rocks there are some from which rivers gush forth, and there are others that crack open and water flows from them, and there are still others that fall down in fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.

[2:75] (O Muslims) do you still fancy that they will believe you, although a group of them used to hear the word of Allah, and then, having understood it, used to distort it knowingly?

[2:76] When they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe”. But when some of them meet others in private, they say, “Do you tell them (the Muslims) what Allah has disclosed to you so that they may thereby argue against you before your Lord? Will you, then, not use reason?”

[2:77] Are they not aware that Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal?

[2:78] And some among them are illiterate who have no knowledge of the Book, but have some fancies and do nothing but conjecture.

[2:79] So, woe to those who write the Book with their hands and then say, “This is from Allah”, so that they may gain thereby a trifling price. Then, woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they earn.

[2:80] They say, “The fire shall not touch us for more than a few days”. Say, “Have you taken a pledge from Allah, and Allah will not go against His promise? Or, do you say about Allah what you do not know?”

[2:81] Why not? Those who commit evil and are besieged by their sins, those are people of the Fire – there they shall live forever.

[2:82] As for those who believe, and do good deeds, they are the people of Paradise – where they will live forever.

[2:83] (Remember) when We took a pledge from the children of Isra‘il (Israel): “You shall not worship anyone other than Allah, and you shall do good to the parents, and to near of kin, and to orphans and the needy. And say to the people what is good, and be steadfast in Salah (prayer), and pay Zakah”. Then, you went back (on your word), all but a few among you, and you are used to turning away.

[2:84] When We took a pledge from you. You shall not shed the blood of one another, and you shall not drive one another out of your homes. Then you agreed, being yourselves the witnesses.

[2:85] Yet, here you are, killing one another, and driving a group of your own people out of their homes, supporting each other against them in sin and aggression — and if they come to you as prisoners, you would ransom them, while their very expulsion was unlawful for you! Do you, then, believe in some parts of the Book, and disbelieve in others? So, what can be the punishment of those among you who do that, except disgrace in the present life? And, on the Day of Judgement, they shall be turned to the most severe punishment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.

[2:86] Those are the ones who bought the worldly life at the cost of the Hereafter. So, the punishment shall not be lightened for them, nor shall they be helped.

[2:87] Indeed, We gave Musa the Book, and after him, We sent messengers, one following the other; and We gave clear signs to Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary), and supported him with the Holy Spirit. Then, how is it that every time a prophet came to you with what does not meet your desires, you grew arrogant? So, you gave the lie to a group (of the messengers) and killed others.

[2:88] And they said. Our hearts are veiled.. Rather, Allah has cast damnation upon them for their disbelief. So, they believe just in very little things.

[2:89] And when there came to them a Book from Allah, which confirms what was with them,__ while earlier, they used to seek help against those who disbelieved, __ yet when there came to them that which they did recognize, they denied it. So the curse of Allah is upon the disbelievers.

[2:90] Vile is that for which they have sold out their selves: that they should deny what Allah has revealed, grudging that Allah should send down some of His bounties to whomsoever He wills from among His servants. So, they came out with wrath upon wrath. And for the unbelievers, there is a humiliating punishment.

[2:91] When it is said to them, “Believe in what Allah has revealed,” they say, “We believe in what has been revealed to us” — and they deny what is beyond it, whereas that is the truth which confirms what is with them. Say, “Why then have you been slaying the prophets of Allah earlier, if you were believers?”

[2:92] And certainly, Musa came to you with clear signs, then you adopted the calf (as god) after his departure (to the mount of Tur) — and you were transgressors.

[2:93] And when We took a pledge from you and raised high the (mount of) Tur above you: “Hold fast to what We have given you and listen!” They said, “We have heard and disobeyed”. And, on account of their denial, they were soaked with love for the calf in their hearts. Say: “Evil is that which your faith enjoins upon you if you are believers”.

[2:94] Say: “If the Last Abode near Allah is purely for you, to the exclusion of all people, then make a wish for death, if you are true”.

[2:95] But they will never wish for it because of what their hands have sent ahead. Allah is All-Aware of the unjust.

[2:96] You shall surely find them the more avid, for life than all other men — even more than the polytheists. Every one of them would love that his life is prolonged for one thousand years. But it will not take him away from the punishment that his life is (so) prolonged, and Allah is Watchful of what they do.

[2:97] Say, if someone is an enemy to Jibra‘il (Gabriel) (it can by no means degrade him for) it is he who has brought it (the Qur‘an) down upon your heart by the permission of Allah, confirming what has been before it, and a guidance and good tidings to the believers.

[2:98] If someone is an enemy to Allah, His angels, and His messengers, and to Jibra‘il (Gabriel) and Mika‘il (Michael), then Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.

[2:99] And certainly, We have revealed to you clear signs. And no one denies them except the sinful.

[2:100] Would it always be that every time they enter into a pact, a group from among them should throw it aside? In fact, most of them do not believe.

[2:101] And when a messenger from Allah came to them, confirming what was already with them, some from among the people of the Book threw the Book of Allah behind their backs, as if they did not know.

[2:102] They followed what the devils used to recite in the reign of Sulaiman (Solomon), and it was not Sulaiman who became an infidel, but the devils did become infidels, teaching people magic, and what had been sent down to the two angels, Harut and Marut, in Babylon. And these two did not teach anyone without first having said (to him), “We are but a trial, so do not go infidel”. Then, they used to learn from them that with which they could cause separation between a man and his wife. But they were not to bring harm through it to anyone without the will of Allah. They used to learn what harmed them and did no good to them, and they certainly knew that he who buys it has no share in the Hereafter. And, indeed, vile is the thing for which they sold themselves away. If only they knew!

[2:103] And had they accepted the faith, and been God-fearing, the reward from Allah would have always been far better. If only they knew!

[2:104] O you who believe, do not say Ra=ina, but say UnZurna, and listen, as there is a grievous punishment for the unbelievers.

[2:105] Those who disbelieve from among the people of the Book and the idolaters do not like that any good should come to you from your Lord. But Allah chooses for His grace whomsoever He wills, and Allah is the Lord of great bounty.

[2:106] Whenever We abrogate a verse or cause it to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or one equal to it. Do you not know that Allah is powerful over everything?

[2:107] Do you not know that to Allah alone belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth? Other than Allah, you have neither a patron nor a helper.

[2:108] Or, do you rather want to question your Prophet as Musa was questioned earlier? And whoever takes infidelity in exchange for faith has certainly missed the straight path.

[2:109] (O Muslims,) many among the people of the Book desire to turn you, after your accepting the faith, back into disbelievers — all out of envy on their part, even after the truth has become clear to them. So, forgive and overlook till Allah brings out His command. Certainly, Allah is powerful over everything.

[2:110] And be steadfast in Salah (prayer), and give Zakah. Whatever good you send forth for yourselves, you will find it with Allah. Certainly, Allah is watchful of what you do.

[2:111] They say that no one shall ever enter Paradise unless he is a Jew or a Christian. These are their fancies. Say, “Bring your proof, if you are truthful”.

[2:112] Of course, whosoever submits his face to Allah, and is good in deeds, will have his reward with his Lord, and there shall be no fear for such people, nor shall they grieve.

[2:113] The Jews say: “The Christians have nothing to stand on” and the Christians say “The Jews have nothing to stand on” while they both read the Book! Similarly, those who do not know have said as they (the Jews and the Christians) say. So, Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection in what they used to dispute.

[2:114] Who is crueler than the one who prevents the mosques of Allah from His name being recited therein, and strives for their destruction? It was not for such men to enter them except in awe. For them, there is disgrace in this world, and for them, there is a mighty punishment in the other world.

[2:115] To Allah belongs the East and the West. So, whichever way you turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.

[2:116] They say. Allah has got a son. Pure is He. Instead, to Him belongs all that there is in the heavens and the earth. All stand obedient to Him.

[2:117] (He is) The originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decides a matter, He simply says to it: “Be”, and it comes to be.

[2:118] Those who do not know say: “Why is it that Allah does not speak to us, nor does a sign come to us?” So spoke those before them as these people do. Their hearts resemble each other. We have indeed made the signs clear for the people who have certitude.

[2:119] Surely, We have sent you with the truth, as a bearer of good tidings, and a warner, and you will not be asked about the people of Hell.

[2:120] The Jews will never be pleased with you, nor will the Christians, unless you follow their faith. Say: “Guidance of Allah is, indeed, the guidance”. Were you to follow their desires despite the knowledge that has come to you, there shall be no friend for you against Allah, nor a helper.

[2:121] Those to whom We have given the Book and they recite it observing the rights of its recitation — they are the ones who believe in it. And those who disbelieve in it, are the losers.

[2:122] O children of Isra‘il (Israel), remember My blessing that I conferred upon you and that I gave you excellence over the worlds.

[2:123] And guard yourselves against a day when no one shall stand for anyone for anything, nor shall ransom be accepted from anyone, nor shall intercession be of benefit to him, nor shall any support be given to such people.

[2:124] When his Lord put Ibrahim to a test with certain Words, and he fulfilled them, He said, “I am going to make you an Imam for the people”. He said, “And from among my progeny?” He replied, “My promise does not extend to the unjust”.

[2:125] When We made the House (Kaabah of Makkah) a frequented place for men and a place of peace! Make from the Station of Ibrahim a place of prayer. We gave the (following directive) to Ibrahim and Ismail (Ishmael): “Purify My House for those who are to circumambulate (make Tawaf) and those who stay in I’tikaf, and those who bow down or prostrate themselves (in prayers)”.

[2:126] (Recall) when Ibrahim said, “My Lord, make this a city of peace, and provide its people with fruits – those of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day”. He (Allah) said, “As for the one who disbelieves, I shall let him enjoy a little, then I shall drag him to the punishment of the Fire. How evil an end it is!”

[2:127] When Ibrahim was raising up the foundations of the House, along with Ismail (Ishmael) (supplicating): “Our Lord accept (this service) from us! Indeed, You – and You alone – are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing!

[2:128] Our Lord, make us both submissive to You, and (make) of our progeny as well, a people submissive to You and show us our ways of Pilgrimage and accept our repentance. Indeed, You – and You alone – are the Most-Relenting, the VeryMerciful.

[2:129] And, our Lord, raise in their midst a Messenger from among them, who should recite to them Your verses, and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and cleanse them of all impurities. Indeed You, and You alone, are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise”.

[2:130] Who can turn away from the faith of Ibrahim except for the one who has debased himself in folly? Indeed We have chosen him in this world. And he is certainly among the righteous in the Hereafter.

[2:131] When his Lord said to him, “Submit!” He said, “I submit myself to the Lord of all the worlds”.

[2:132] And Ibrahim exhorted the same to his sons, and so did Ya’qub (Jacob): “My sons, Allah has certainly chosen for you the Faith. So, let not death overtake you but as Muslims”.

[2:133] Is it that you were present when death approached Ya’qub when he said to his sons: “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim, Ismail (Ishmael) and IsHaq (Isaac), the one God, and to Him, we submit ourselves”.

[2:134] Those are the people who have passed away. For them is what they earned, and for you is what you earned. Nor shall you be questioned as to what they have been doing.

[2:135] They said, “Become Jews or Christians, and you will find the right path”. Say: “Instead, (we follow) the faith of Ibrahim, the upright, – and he was not one of those who associate partners with Allah”.

[2:136] Say (O, Muslims): “We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us, and in what has been revealed to Ibrahim, Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya’qub and his children, and in what has been given to Musa and Isa (Jesus) and what has been given to the prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between any of them, and to Him, we submit ourselves”.

[2:137] So, if they believe in the same way as you believe, they will have certainly found the right path, and if they turn away, then the fact is that they are in antagonism. Then Allah will suffice you against them, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-knowing.

[2:138] (We dye ourselves with) the coloring of Allah! For who is better in coloring than Allah? We are to worship none but Him.

[2:139] Say: “Would you argue with us about Allah, when He is our Lord as well as your Lord? For us our deeds, and for you your deeds! And we are faithful to Him.

[2:140] Or, would you say that Ibrahim, Isma’il, Ishaq, Ya’qub, and their children were Jews or Christians?” Say: “Do you know better or does Allah?” Who can be more unjust than the one who conceals the testimony he has from Allah? Allah is not unaware of what you do.

[2:141] Those are the people who have passed away. For them is what they earned, and for you is what you earned, and you shall not be questioned about what they have been doing.

[2:142] The foolish among the people will say: “What has turned them away from their Qiblah which they used to observe?” Say: “To Allah belong the East and the West. He guides whom He wills to a straight path”.

[2:143] In the same way, We made you a moderate Ummah (community), so that you should be witnesses over the people, and the Messenger a witness to you. And We did not prescribe the Qiblah which you used to observe except to know the one who follows the Messenger as distinct from the one who turns on his heels. It was burdensome indeed, but not on those whom Allah guided. Allah will not allow your faith to go to waste. Certainly, Allah is very kind, very merciful to the people.

[2:144] We have been seeing you turning your face to the heavens. So, We will certainly assign to you a Qiblah that you would like. Now, turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid-ul-Haram), and (O Muslims), wherever you are, turn your faces in its direction. Even those who have been given the Book know well that it is the truth from their Lord, and Allah is not unaware of what they do.

[2:145] Even if you bring every sign to those who have been given the Book, they would not follow your Qiblah, and you are not to follow their Qiblah, nor are they to follow each other‘s Qiblah. If you were to follow their desires despite the knowledge that has come to you, you will then certainly be among the unjust.

[2:146] Those whom We have given the Book recognize him (the Holy Prophet) as they recognize their own sons. In fact, a group of them conceals the truth, while they know (it).

[2:147] The truth is from your Lord. So, never be among those who doubt (it).

[2:148] For everyone, there is a direction to which he turns his face. Strive, then, to excel each other in good deeds. Wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together. Allah is certainly powerful over everything.

[2:149] From wherever you set out, turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid-ul-Haram). That, indeed, is the truth from your Lord, and Allah is not unaware of what you do.

[2:150] And from wherever you set out, turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid-ul-Haram), and (O Muslims), wherever you are, turn your faces in its direction, so that people should have no argument against you, except for those among them who are unjust, do not fear them, but fear Me, and so that I should perfect My blessings upon you, and that you may take the right path.

[2:151] As also We have sent in your midst a messenger from among you, who recites to you Our verses, and purifies you, and teaches you the Book and the wisdom, and teaches you what you did not know.

[2:152] So Remember Me, and I will remember you, and be thankful to Me, and be not ungrateful to Me.

[2:153] O you who believe, seek help through patience and prayer. Surely, Allah is with those who are patient.

[2:154] Do not say of those who are slain in the way of Allah that they are dead. Instead, they are alive, but you do not perceive.

[2:155] Surely We will test you with a bit of fear and hunger, and loss in wealth and lives and fruits, and give good tidings to the patient.

[2:156] who, when suffering visits them, say: “We certainly belong to Allah, and to Him, we are bound to return”.

[2:157] Those are the ones upon whom there are blessings from their Lord, and mercy as well, and those are the ones who are on the right path.

[2:158] Indeed Safa and Marwah are among the marks of Allah. So whoever comes to the House for Hajj or performs Umrah, there is no sin for him if he makes rounds between them; whoever comes up with good on his own, then Allah is Appreciating, All-Knowing.

[2:159] Surely, those who conceal the clear signs and the guidance We have revealed, even after We have explained them for people in the Book, upon them Allah casts damnation, and they are cursed by all those who curse.

[2:160] Yet, those who repent and correct and declare (what they used to conceal), their repentance is accepted by Me. I am the Most-Relenting, the Most-Merciful.

[2:161] Indeed, those who disbelieved and died while they were disbelievers, upon them is the curse of Allah, and of angels, and of all human beings together,

[2:162] in a way that they will remain in it forever. Neither the punishment will be lightened for them, nor will they be given respite.

[2:163] Your god is one God: There is no god but He, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful.

[2:164] Surely, in the creation of heavens and earth, and the alternation of night and day, and the ships that sail in the sea, carrying that which benefits men, and in the water Allah sent down from the sky, then revived with it the earth after it was dead, and in every creature, He has scattered on it, and in turning of winds, and in the clouds employed to serve between heaven and earth, there are signs for those who have sense.

[2:165] Among the people, there are some who set up co-gods beside Allah whom they love like the love due to Allah. But those who believe are most firm in their love for Allah. Would that the unjust people could perceive – when they see the torment (i.e. any calamity in this world) – that all power belongs to Allah alone, and that Allah is severe in punishment!

[2:166] (Imagine the time) when those who were followed will disown their followers, and they (all) will see the punishment, and the bonds between them will be cut asunder,

[2:167] and those who followed will say, “We wish we had another (chance to) return (to the world), so that we may disown them as they had disowned us”. Thus Allah will show them that their deeds were (nothing but) causes of remorse for them, and they are not to come out of the Fire.

[2:168] O people, eat permissible good things out of what lies in the earth, and do not follow the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan); indeed, he is an open enemy for you.

[2:169] He orders you only to (do) evil and immodest acts, and that you ascribe to Allah what you do not know.

[2:170] When it is said to them: “Follow what Allah has sent down”, they say: “Instead, we would follow that (religion) on which we have found our fathers”. Is it so, even though their fathers had no understanding at all, nor had they been on the right path?

[2:171] The example of (calling) those who disbelieve is such as someone is shouting at an animal that hears nothing but a call and cry. They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they do not understand.

[2:172] O you who believe, eat of the good things We have provided to you and be grateful to Allah if it is He whom you worship (in real terms).

[2:173] He has only prohibited for you carrion, blood, the flesh of swine and that upon which a name of someone other than Allah has been invoked. Then, whoever is compelled by necessity, neither seeking pleasure nor transgressing, there is no sin on him. Verily, Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.

[2:174] Verily, those who conceal the Book Allah has revealed, and earn thereby a small price, they eat nothing into their bellies but fire and Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Judgment, nor will He purify them, and for them, there is a painful punishment.

[2:175] They are those who have bought the wrong way at the price of the right way, and punishment at the price of pardon. How well they endure the Fire!

[2:176] All that is because Allah revealed the Book with the truth. Yet, those who have opted for dissension about the Book are in extreme division (among themselves)

[2:177] Righteousness is not (merely) that you turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteousness is that one believes in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Book and the Prophets, and gives wealth, despite (his) love for it, to relatives, and to orphans, the helpless, the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and (spends) in (freeing) slaves and observes the Salah (prayers) and pays Zakah and (the act of) those who fulfill their covenant when they enter into a covenant, and, of course, those who are patient in hardship and suffering and when in battle! Those are the ones who are truthful, and those are the God-fearing.

[2:178] O you who believe, Qisas has been prescribed for you in the case of murdered people: The freeman (will be killed) for the freeman, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. However, if one is somewhat forgiven by his brother, the recourse (of the latter) is to pursue the former (for blood money) with fairness, and the obligation (of the former) is to pay (it) to the latter in a nice way. That is a relief from your Lord and a mercy. So, whoever transgresses after all that will have a painful punishment.

[2:179] There is life for you in Qisas, O people of wisdom, so that you may refrain (from killing).

[2:180] It is enjoined upon you when death approaches any one of you and he leaves some wealth, that he must bequeath for the parents and the nearest of kin in the approved manner, being an obligation on the God-fearing.

[2:181] Then, whoever changes it after he has heard it, its sin will only be on those who change it. Surely, Allah is All-hearing, All-knowing.

[2:182] But, whoever apprehends a mistake (unintentional) or a sin (intentional) from a testator, and puts things right between them, then there is no sin on him. Surely, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

[2:183] O you who believe, the fasts have been enjoined upon you as they were enjoined upon those before you, so that you may be God-fearing,

[2:184] for days few in number. However, should any one of you be sick or on a journey, then (he should fast) a number of other days (equal to the missed ones); and those who have the strength, (still, they do not opt for fasting,) on them there is a fidyah (compensation), that is, the feeding of a poor person. Then whoever does good voluntarily, that is better for him. 98 However, that you fast is better for you, if you only knew.

[2:185] The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur‘an was revealed as guidance for mankind and as clear signs that show the right way and distinguish between right and wrong. So those of you who witness the month must fast in it. But the one who is sick, or is on a journey (should fast) as much from other days (as he missed). Allah intends (to provide) ease for you and does not intend (to create) hardship for you. All this is so that you may complete the number (of fasts as prescribed) and proclaim the Takbir of Allah for having guided you, and (so) that you may be grateful.

[2:186] When My servants ask you about Me, then (tell them that) I am near. I respond to the call of one when he prays to Me; so they should respond to Me, and have faith in Me, so that they may be on the right path.

[2:187] It is made lawful for you, in the nights of fasts, to have sex with your women. They are apparel for you, and you are apparel for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves, so He relented towards you and pardoned you. So now you can have sexual intimacy with them and seek what Allah has destined for you and eat and drink until the white thread of the dawn becomes distinct from the black thread; then complete the fast up to the night. But do not have sexual intimacy with them while you are staying in mosques for Itikaf. These are the limits set by Allah, so do not go near them. Thus Allah manifests His signs to the people, so that they may be God-fearing.

[2:188] Do not eat up each other‘s property by false means, nor approach with it the authorities to eat up a portion of the property of the people sinfully, while you know (that you are unjust in doing so).

[2:189] They ask you about the new moons. Say: They are indicative of time for the people, and of the Hajj. It is not righteousness that you come into your houses from their backs, but righteousness is that one fears Allah. So come into houses through their doors, and fear Allah so that you may be successful.

[2:190] Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight you, and do not transgress. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors.

[2:191] Kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out from where they drove you out, as Fitnah (to create disorder) is more severe than killing. However, do not fight them near Al-Masjid-ul-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) unless they fight you there. However, if they fight you (there) you may kill them. Such is the reward of the disbelievers.

[2:192] But if they desist, then indeed, Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very- Merciful.

[2:193] Fight them until there is no Fitnah anymore, and obedience remains for Allah. But, if they desist, then aggression is not allowed except against the transgressors.

[2:194] The holy month for the holy month, and the sanctities are subject to retribution. So when anyone commits aggression against you, be aggressive against him in the like manner as he did against you, and fear Allah, and be sure that Allah is with the God-fearing.

[2:195] Spend in the way of Allah and do not put yourselves into destruction, and do good. Of course, Allah loves those who do good.

[2:196] Accomplish the Hajj and the Umrah for Allah, but if you are restricted, then (sacrifice) whatever animal of offering is available, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its place. But if anyone of you is ill, or has some trouble with his scalp, then there is a ransom through fasting or almsgiving. And when you are safe, then, whoever avails the advantage of the Umrah along with the Hajj shall make an offering of whatever animal is available. However, anyone who finds none shall fast for three days during Hajj, and for seven days when you return; thus they are ten in all. This is for him whose family folk are not residents of Al-Masjid-ul-Haram. Fear Allah and be aware that Allah is severe in punishment.

[2:197] The Hajj is (to be performed in) the months that are well-known. So whoever undertakes Hajj in them, there should be no obscenity, no sin, no quarrel in the Hajj. Whatever good you do, Allah will know it. Take provisions along, for the merit of (having) provision is to abstain (from begging), and fear Me, O men of understanding!

[2:198] There is no sin on you that you seek the grace of your Lord (by trading). Later, when you flow down from Arafat, recite the name of Allah near Al-Mashar-ul-Haram (the Sacred Monument), and recite His name as He has guided you, while before it, you were among the astray.

[2:199] Then flow down from where the people flow, and seek forgiveness from Allah. Certainly Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.

[2:200] Once you have fulfilled your modes of worship in Hajj, recite the name of Allah, as you would speak of your forefathers or even with greater fervor. Now among the people there is one who says: “Our Lord, give to us in this world”… and he has no share in the Hereafter.

[2:201] Yet there is another among them who says: “Our Lord, give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the punishment of Fire”.

[2:202] For them there is a share of what they have earned; and Allah is swift at reckoning.

[2:203] Recite the name of Allah during the given number of days. Then whoever is early in leaving after two days, there is no sin on him, and whoever leaves later, there is no sin on him, if he is God-fearing. Fear Allah and be sure that you are going to be gathered before Him.

[2:204] Among men there is one whose speech, in this life, attracts you; he even makes Allah his witness on what is in his heart, while he is extremely quarrelsome.

[2:205] Once he turns back, he moves about in the land trying to spread disorder in it, and to destroy the tillage and the stock; and Allah does not like disorder.

[2:206] When it is said to him, Fear Allah., he is tempted by arrogance to (commit) sin. Hell is then enough for him, and it is indeed an evil bed to rest.

[2:207] And among men there is one who sells his very soul to seek the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is Very-Kind to His servants.

[2:208] O you who believe, enter Islam completely and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Surely, he is an open enemy for you;

[2:209] and if you slip, even after clear signs have come to you, then you must know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[2:210] They are looking for nothing (to accept the truth) but that Allah (Himself) comes upon them in canopies of cloud with angels, and the matter is closed. To Allah shall all matters be returned.

[2:211] Ask the Children of Isra‘il (Israel) how many a clear sign We have given to them; and whoever changes the blessing of Allah after it has come to him, then Allah is severe in punishment.

[2:212] Adorned is the present life for those who disbelieve, and they laugh at those who believe, while those who fear Allah shall be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah gives provision to whom He wills without measure.

[2:213] All men used to be a single ‘Ummah (i.e. on a single faith). Then (after they differed in matters of faith), Allah sent prophets carrying good news and warning, and sent down with them the Book with Truth to judge between people in matters of their dispute. But it was no other than those to whom it (the Book) was given who, led by envy against each other, disputed it after the clear signs had come to them. Then Allah, by His will, guided those who believed to the truth over which they disputed; and Allah guides whom He wills to the straight path.

[2:214] Do you think that you will enter Paradise while you have not yet been visited by (difficult) circumstances like those that were faced by the people who passed away before you? They were afflicted by hardship and suffering and were so shaken down that the prophet, and those who believed with him, started saying: .When (will come) the help of Allah?. (Then, they were comforted by the Prophet who said to them) =Behold, the help of Allah is near.

[2:215] They ask you as to what they should spend. Say: “Whatever good you spend should be for parents, kinsmen, orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; and whatever good you do, Allah is all-aware of it”.

[2:216] Fighting is enjoined upon you, while it is hard on you. It could be that you dislike something when it is good for you, and it could be that you like something when it is bad for you. Allah knows, and you do not know.

[2:217] They ask you about the Sacred Month, that is, about fighting in it. Say, “Fighting in it is something grave, but it is much more grave, in the sight of Allah, to prevent (people) from the path of Allah, to disbelieve in Him, and in Al-Masjid-ul-Haram, and to expel its people from there, and Fitnah (to create disorder) is more grave than killing”. They will go on fighting you until they turn you away from your faith if they could, while whoever of you turns away from his faith and dies an infidel, such people are those whose deeds will go to waste in this world and in the Hereafter, and they are people of the Fire. They shall be there forever.

[2:218] As for those who believed and those who migrated and carried out Jihad in the way of Allah, they hope for Allah‘s mercy: and Allah is Forgiving, Very-Merciful.

[2:219] They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, “In both, there is a great sin, and some benefits for people. And their sin is greater than their benefit”. And they ask you as to what they should spend. Say, “The surplus”. This is how Allah makes His verses clear to you, so that you may ponder.

[2:220] on this world and the Hereafter. They ask you about the orphans. Say, “To work for their good is good. And if you live with them jointly, they are, after all, your brethren”; and Allah knows the one who makes mischief, as distinct from the one who promotes good. And if Allah had wished, He would have put you in trouble. Surely, Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[2:221] Do not marry the polytheist women, unless they come to believe (in Islam); a Muslim slave-girl is better than a polytheist woman, even though she may attract you; and do not give (your women) in marriage to polytheist men, unless they come to believe; a Muslim slave is better than a polytheist, even though he may attract you. They invite to the Fire when Allah invites, by His will, to Paradise, and to forgiveness. He makes His verses clear to the people, so that they may heed the advice.

[2:222] They ask you about menstruation. Say: “It is an impurity. So, keep away from women during menstruation, and do not have intimacy with them until they are cleansed. But when they are cleansed, then go to them from where Allah has commanded you. Surely Allah loves those who are most repenting and loves those who keep themselves pure.

[2:223] Your women are a tillage for you to cultivate. So, come to your tillage from where you wish, and advance something for yourselves, and fear Allah, and know that you are to meet Him, and give good news to the believers”.

[2:224] Do not make (the name of) Allah the subject of your oaths against your doing good, fearing Allah, and setting things right between people. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.

[2:225] Allah does not hold you accountable for what is the law (ineffectual) in your oaths, but He holds you accountable for what your hearts have produced. Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.

[2:226] Those who swear to abstain from their wives have four months of waiting. Therefore, if they revert back, Allah is MostForgiving, Very-Merciful,

[2:227] and if they resolve to divorce, Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.

[2:228] Divorced women shall keep themselves waiting for three periods, and it is not permissible for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and in the Last Day. Their husbands are best entitled to take
them back in the meantime if they want a settlement. Women have rights similar to what they owe in a recognized manner though for men there is a step above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[2:229] Divorce is twice; then either to retain in all fairness or to release nicely. It is not lawful for you to take back anything from what you have given them unless both apprehend that they would not be able to maintain the limits set by Allah. Now, if you apprehend that they would not maintain the limits set by Allah, then, there is no sin on them in what she gives up to secure her release. These are the limits set by Allah. Therefore, do not exceed them. Whosoever exceeds the limits set by Allah, then, those are the transgressors.

[2:230] Thereafter, if he divorces her, she shall no longer remain lawful for him unless she marries a man other than him. Should he too divorce her, then there is no sin on them in their return to each other, if they think they would maintain the limits set by Allah. These are the limits set by Allah that He makes clear to a people who know (that Allah is alone capable of setting these limits).

[2:231] When you have divorced women, and they have approached (the end of) their waiting periods, then, either retain them with fairness or release them with fairness. Do not retain them with wrongful intent, resulting in cruelty on your part, and whoever does this, actually wrongs himself. Do not take the verses of Allah in jest, and remember the grace of Allah on you and what He has revealed to you of the Book and the wisdom, giving you good counsel thereby, and fear Allah, and be sure that Allah is the One who knows everything.

[2:232] When you have divorced women, and they have reached (the end of) their waiting period, do not prevent them from marrying their husbands when they mutually agree with fairness. Thus the advice is given to every one of you who believes in Allah and in the Hereafter. This is more pure and clean for you. Allah knows and you do not know.

[2:233] Mothers (should) suckle their children for two full years, for one who wants to complete the (period of) suckling. It is the obligation of the one to whom the child belongs that he provides food and clothing for them (the mothers) with fairness. Nobody is obligated beyond his capacity. No mother shall be made to suffer on account of her child, nor the man to whom the child belongs, on account of his child. Likewise, responsibility (of suckling) lies on the (one who may become an) heir (of the child). Now, if they want to wean, with mutual consent and consultation, there is no sin on them. And If you want to get your children suckled (by a wet nurse), there is no sin on you when you pay off what you are to give with fairness, and fear Allah, and be assured that Allah is watchful of what you do.

[2:234] Those among you who pass away and leave wives behind, their wives keep themselves waiting for four months and ten days. So, when they have reached (the end of) their waiting period, there is no sin on you in what they do for themselves in recognized manner. Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

[2:235] There is no sin on you if you hint as a proposal to the women, or conceal it in your hearts. Allah knows that you will make mention of them. But do not make a promise to them secretly, except that you speak in a recognized manner. Nor resolve upon a contract of marriage until the prescribed time is reached. Be assured that Allah knows what is in your hearts. So, fear Him and be assured that Allah is most Forgiving, Forbearing.

[2:236] There is no liability (of dower) on you if you divorce women when you have not yet touched them, nor fixed for them an amount. So, give them mutah (a gift), a rich man according to his means and a poor one according to his means – a benefit in the recognized manner, an obligation on the virtuous.

[2:237] If you divorce them before you have touched them, while you have already fixed for them an amount (of dower), then there is one half of what you have fixed, unless they (the women) forgive, or forgives the one in whose hand lies the marriage tie, and it is closer to Taqwa (righteousness) that you forgive, and do not forget to be grateful to one another. Surely, Allah is watchful of what you do.

[2:238] Take due care of all the prayers, and the middle prayer, and stand before Allah in total devotion.

[2:239] But if you are in fear, then (pray) on foot or riding. But when you are in peace, recite Allah‘s name as He has taught you what you did not know.

[2:240] Those among you who pass away and leave wives behind are (commanded) to make a will in favor of their wives to be maintained for one year without being expelled (from husband‘s home). Then, if they move out, there is no sin on you in what they have done for themselves according to fair practice. Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[2:241] Divorced women deserve a benefit according to fair practice, being an obligation on God-fearing.

[2:242] This is how Allah makes His verses clear to you, so that you may understand.

[2:243] Have you not seen those who left their homes, while they were in thousands, to escape death? So, Allah said to them, “Be dead”. Then He raised them alive. Surely, Allah is gracious to people, but most of the people are not grateful.

[2:244] Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.

[2:245] Who is the one who would give Allah a good loan so that Allah multiplies it for him many times? Allah withholds and extends, and to Him, you are to be returned.

[2:246] Did you not see a group from the children of Isra‘il (Israel), after (the time of) Musa when they said to their prophet: “Appoint for us a king, so that we may fight in the way of Allah”. He said: “Is it (not) likely if fighting is enjoined upon you, that you would not fight”. They said: “What is wrong with us that we would not fight while we have been driven away from our homes and our sons?” But, when fighting was enjoined upon them, they turned away, except a few of them, and Allah is Aware of the unjust.

[2:247] Their prophet said to them: “Allah has appointed Talut as a king for you”. They said: “How could he have kingship over us when we are more entitled to the kingship than him? He has not been given affluence in wealth”. He said: “Allah has chosen him over you and has increased his stature in knowledge and physique, and Allah gives His kingship to whom He wills”. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.

[2:248] Their prophet said to them: “The sign of his kingship is that the Ark shall come to you, carried by the angels, having therein tranquillity from your Lord, and the remains of what the House of Musa and the House of Harun (Aaron) had left. Surely, in it, there is a sign for you, if you are believers”.

[2:249] So, when Talut set out along with the troops, he said: “Allah is going to test you by a river, so, whoever drinks from it is not my man, and whoever does not taste it is surely a man of mine, except the one who scoops a little with his hand”. Then they drank from it, except a few of them. So, when it (the river) was crossed by him and by those who believed with him, they said: “There is no strength with us today against Jalut and his troops”. Said those who believed in their having to meet Allah: “How many small groups have overcome large groups by the will of Allah. Allah is with those who remain patient”.

[2:250] And when they faced Jalut and his troops, they said: “Our Lord, pour out endurance on us, make firm our feet and help us against the disbelieving people”.

[2:251] So, they defeated them by the will of Allah, and Dawud (David) killed JaLut, and Allah gave him the kingdom and the wisdom and taught him what He willed. Had Allah not been pushing back some people by means of others, the earth would have been spoiled. But Allah is All-Gracious to all the worlds.

[2:252] These are the verses of Allah that We recite to you (O Prophet), with all veracity, and certainly, you are among the Messengers.

[2:253] Those are the messengers some of whom We have given excellence over some others. Among them, there are ones to whom Allah spoke (directly) and He raised some of the steps higher (in other respects), and We gave clear signs to Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), and supported him with the Holy Spirit. If Allah is so willed, those succeeding him would have not fought against each other after clear signs had come to them.
But they disagreed among themselves. So, there were some who believed and there were some who disbelieved, and if Allah is so willed, they would have not fought against each other. But Allah does what He intends

[2:254] O you who believe! Spend from what We have given to you before a day comes when there will be no trading, no friendship, and no intercession, and it is the disbelievers who are unjust.

[2:255] Allah: There is no god but He, the Living, the All-Sustaining. Neither dozing overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. Who can intercede with Him without His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them; while they encompass nothing of His knowledge, except what He wills. His Kursiyy (Chair) extends to the Heavens and to the Earth, and it does not weary Him to look after them. He is the All-High, the Supreme.

[2:256] There is no compulsion in Faith. The correct way has become distinct from the erroneous. Now, whoever rejects the Taghut (the Rebel, the Satan) and believes in Allah has a firm grasp on the strongest ring that never breaks. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.

[2:257] Allah is the Protector of those who believe. He brings them out of the depths of darkness into the light. As for those who disbelieve, their friends are the Rebels. They bring them out from the light into the depths of darkness. Those are people of the Fire. There they will remain forever.

[2:258] Do you not know the one who argued with Ibrahim about his Lord, because Allah had given him kingship? When Ibrahim said: “My Lord is the One Who gives life and brings death”, he said: “I give life and I bring death”. Said Ibrahim: “Allah brings the sun out from the East; now, you bring it out from the West”. Here, baffled was the one who disbelieved, and Allah does not bring the wrongdoers to the right path.

[2:259] Or, (do you not know) the example of the one who passed through a town that had collapsed on its roofs. He said: “How shall Allah revive this after it is dead?” So, Allah made him dead for a hundred years, then raised him saying: “How long did you remain (in this state)?” He said: “I remained for a day or part of a day”. Said He: “Rather, you remained (dead) for a hundred years. Just look at your food and your drink; it has not spoiled. Now, look at your donkey. (We did) this to make you a sign for people! Look at the bones, how We raise them, then dress them with flesh”. So, when it was clear to him, he said: “I know that Allah is Powerful over everything”.

[2:260] (Remember) when Ibrahim said: “My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead”. He said: “Is it that you do not believe?” He said: “Of course, I do, but it is just to make my heart at peace”. He said: “Then take four birds and tame them to your call, then put on every mountain apart from them, then give them a call, and they shall come to you rushing, and know that Allah is Mighty Wise”.

[2:261] The example of those who spend in the way of Allah is just like a grain that produced seven ears, each ear having a hundred grains and Allah multiplies (the reward) for whom He wills. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.

[2:262] Those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah, then do not make their spending followed by boasting about favor, or with causing hurt, they have their reward with their Lord and there is no fear for them nor shall they grieve.

[2:263] A graceful word and forgiving are better than charity followed by causing hurt. Allah is All-Independent, Forbearing.

[2:264] O you who believe, do not nullify your acts of charity by boasting about (doing people a) favor and by causing (them) hurt, like the one who spends his wealth to show off before people and does not believe in Allah and in the Last Day. So, his example is like a rock on which there is dust, then a heavy rain came over it and left it barren. They have no ability to gain anything out of what they have done, and Allah does not give guidance to the people who disbelieve.

[2:265] The example of those who spend their wealth to seek the pleasure of Allah and to make firm (their faith) from (the depths of) their souls is like a garden on a foothill on which came a heavy rain, and it yielded its produce twofold. Even if heavy rain does not come to it, a light drizzle is enough, and Allah is watchful of what you do.

[2:266] Would any of you wish to have a garden of dates and grapes, with rivers flowing beneath it, in which there are all kinds of fruit for him, and old age befalls him, and he has children who are (too) weak (to earn livelihood), then a whirlwind comes upon it with fire in it, and it is all burnt? This is how Allah makes the signs clear to you, so that you may ponder.

[2:267] O you who believe, spend of the good things you have earned, and of what We have brought forth for you from the earth, and do not opt for a bad thing, spending only from it, while you are not going to accept it (if such a thing is offered to you), unless you close your eyes to it, and know well that Allah is All-Independent, Ever-Praised.

[2:268] Satan frightens you with poverty, and bids you to commit indecency, and Allah promises you forgiveness from Him, and grace as well. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.

[2:269] He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever is given wisdom is certainly given a lot of good. Only the people of understanding observe the advice.

[2:270] Whatever expenditure you spend and whatever vow you make, Allah knows all of it, and for the unjust, there are no supporters.

[2:271] If you make Sadaqat (alms) openly, it is good enough, and if you keep it secret and give it to the needy, it is much better for you, and this will write off part of your sins. Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

[2:272] It is not for you to put them on the right path. Rather, Allah puts on the right path whom He wills. Whatever good you spend is for your own selves, and you shall not spend but to seek the pleasure of Allah, and whatever good thing you spend shall be repaid to you in full, and you shall not be wronged.

[2:273] (Your charities should be preferably meant) for the needy who are confined in the way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. An ignorant person takes them as free of need because of their abstinence. You know them by their appearance (from begging). They do not beg people importunately, and whatever good thing you spend, Allah is All-Aware of it.

[2:274] Those who spend their wealth night and day, secretly and openly, have their reward with their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.

[2:275] Those who take riba (usury or interest) will not stand but as stands the one whom the demon has driven crazy by his touch. That is because they have said: “Sale is but like riba”, while Allah has permitted the sale and prohibited riba. So, whoever receives advice from his Lord and desists (from indulging in riba), then what has passed is allowed for him, and his matter is up to Allah. As for the ones who revert back, those are the people of Fire. There they will remain forever.

[2:276] Allah destroys riba and nourishes charities, and Allah does not like any sinful disbeliever.

[2:277] Surely those who believe and do good deeds, and establish Salah (prayer) and pay Zakah will have their reward with their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.

[2:278] O you who believe, fear Allah and give up what still remains of riba if you are believers.

[2:279] But if you do not (give it up), then listen to the declaration of war from Allah and His Messenger. However, If you repent, yours is your principal. Neither wrong nor be wronged.

[2:280] If there is one in misery, then (the creditor should allow) deferment till (his) ease, and that you forgo it as alms is much better for you if you really know.

[2:281] Be fearful of a day when you shall be returned to Allah, then every person shall be paid, in full, what he has earned, and they shall not be wronged.

[2:282] O you who believe, when you transact a debt payable at a specified time, put it in writing, and let a scribe write it between you with fairness. A scribe should not refuse to write as Allah has educated him. He, therefore, should write. The one who owes something should get it written, but he must fear Allah, his Lord, and he should not omit anything from it. If the one who owes is feeble-minded or weak or cannot dictate himself, then his guardian should dictate with fairness. Have two witnesses from among your men, and if two men are not there, then one man and two women from those witnesses whom you like, so that if one of the two women errs, the other woman may remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when summoned. And do not be weary of writing it down, along with its due date, no matter whether the debt is small or large. That is more equitable in Allah‘s sight, and more supportive as evidence, and more likely to make you free of doubt. However, if it is a spot transaction you are affecting between yourselves, there is no sin on you, should you not write it. Have witnesses when you transact a sale. Neither a scribe should be made to suffer, nor a witness. If you do (something harmful to them), it is certainly a sin on your part, and fear Allah. Allah educates you, and Allah is All-Knowing in respect of everything.

[2:283] If you are on a journey and find no scribe, then (you may have to resort to holding something as) mortgage, taken into possession. However, if one of you trusts the other, then the one who has been trusted should fulfill his trust and should fear Allah, his Lord. Do not conceal testimony. Whoever conceals it, his heart is sure, sinful. Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

[2:284] To Allah belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. If you disclose what is in your hearts or conceal it, Allah shall hold you accountable for it, then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills. Allah is powerful over everything.

[2:285] The Messenger has believed in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and the believers as well. All have believed in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers. We make no division between any of His Messengers, and they have said: We have listened, and obeyed. Our Lord, (we seek) Your pardon! And to You is the return.

[2:286] Allah does not obligate anyone beyond his capacity. For him is what he has earned, and on him what he has incurred. “Our Lord, do not hold us accountable if we forget or make a mistake, and, Our Lord, do not place on us such a burden as You have placed on those before us, and, Our Lord, do not make us bear a burden for which we have no strength.
And pardon us, and grant us forgiveness, and have mercy on us. You are our Lord. So then help us against the disbelieving people”.


Absolutely! Here’s an in-depth explanation of “Surah Al-Baqarah,” structured to comply with Google’s E-E-A-T (Expertise, Authoritativeness, Trustworthiness, and Experience) standards, along with relevant FAQs:

Overview of Surah Al-Baqarah

  1. Title and Position: Surah Al-Baqarah is the 2nd chapter of the Quran. The title “Al-Baqarah” translates to “The Cow,” named after a story mentioned in the surah.
  2. Verses and Structure: It is the longest chapter in the Quran with 286 verses. The surah covers a wide array of topics, ranging from legal rulings to spiritual guidance.
  3. Themes and Messages: The major themes include guidance for personal development, social justice, legal principles, faith, and worship. It also discusses historical events related to earlier prophets.
  4. Significance in Islamic Thought: Surah Al-Baqarah is central to Islamic jurisprudence and ethics. It is known for its comprehensive coverage of life, faith, and the human relationship with God.

Detailed Explanation

  1. Foundation of Islamic Law: The surah lays down foundational laws for Muslims, including rules on prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage.
  2. Faith and Hypocrisy: It delves into the nature of true faith, contrasting it with hypocrisy, and emphasizes the importance of belief and obedience to God.
  3. Stories of Prophets and Past Nations: The surah recounts stories of prophets like Adam, Moses, and Abraham, drawing lessons from their experiences.
  4. Guidance on Social Justice: It addresses aspects of social justice, including the treatment of orphans, women’s rights, and fair business practices.
  5. Spiritual and Moral Lessons: The surah provides extensive guidance on morality, spirituality, patience, and perseverance.


  1. Why is Surah Al-Baqarah named after a cow?
    • The surah is named after an incident involving a cow in the story of Moses and the Israelites, which is used to convey lessons about faith and obedience.
  2. What makes Surah Al-Baqarah unique in the Quran?
    • Its uniqueness lies in its comprehensive scope, covering a wide range of topics from legal rulings to spiritual guidance, making it a pivotal chapter for understanding Islamic law and ethics.
  3. How does Surah Al-Baqarah address the concept of faith and hypocrisy?
    • It contrasts true believers with hypocrites, emphasizing that genuine faith manifests in actions and obedience to God’s commands.
  4. What guidance does Surah Al-Baqarah provide on social justice?
    • The surah provides extensive guidance on social justice, including the fair treatment of others, rights of the vulnerable, and principles of economic justice.

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