Meaning of Quran

An-Nas | Mankind

With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful.

[114:1] Say, I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind,

[114:2] the King of mankind,

[114:3] the God of mankind,

[114:4] from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws (when Allah‘s name is pronounced),

[114:5] the one who whispers in the hearts of people,

[114:6] whether from among the Jinn or Mankind.


Overview of Surah An-Nas

  1. Title and Position: Surah An-Nas is the 114th and final chapter of the Quran. The title “An-Nas” translates to “Mankind,” reflecting the surah’s focus on seeking refuge from the evils that target humanity.
  2. Verses and Structure: This surah contains 6 verses. It serves as a prayer for protection against the evil whispers and intentions of both jinn and humans, emphasizing the need for divine safeguarding.
  3. Themes and Messages: The primary themes include seeking Allah’s protection against external evils, particularly those that come from unseen sources, and the universality of this need among all people.
  4. Significance in Islamic Thought: Surah An-Nas is significant for its clear articulation of the human need for divine protection against invisible spiritual threats. It’s commonly recited for personal protection and spiritual fortitude and is one of the two Mu’awwidhat (Verses of Refuge) along with Surah Al-Falaq.

Detailed Explanation

  1. Invocation for Protection: The surah begins with an invocation to seek refuge with the Lord of mankind, the Sovereign of mankind, and the God of mankind, emphasizing His ultimate authority and guardianship over humanity.
  2. Evils of Whisperers: It highlights the need for protection from the whisperings of hidden beings, both from the jinn and humans, who instill fear, doubts, and harmful desires into the hearts of people.
  3. Reliance on Allah: The surah underscores the importance of relying on Allah for protection against such insidious influences, acknowledging that humans, regardless of their strength or intelligence, are vulnerable to these spiritual threats.
  4. Universal Message: By addressing “mankind” in its call for refuge, the surah emphasizes the universal need for protection against evil, resonating with individuals’ innate desire for safety and peace.


  1. Why is Surah An-Nas focused on seeking refuge?
    • It focuses on seeking refuge to highlight the constant presence of unseen influences that can lead individuals astray and the essential need to seek Allah’s protection against such forces.
  2. What types of evil does Surah An-Nas address?
    • The surah addresses the evil of whispering insinuations that arise from both external entities and one’s own nafs (self), which can incite fear, doubt, and wrongdoing.
  3. How does Surah An-Nas complement Surah Al-Falaq?
    • While Surah Al-Falaq seeks protection from external harms and natural phenomena, Surah An-Nas focuses on protection from internal and interpersonal evils, together providing comprehensive spiritual safeguarding.
  4. How can Muslims incorporate Surah An-Nas into their daily lives?
    • Muslims can incorporate Surah An-Nas into their daily routine by reciting it during daily prayers, especially in the morning and evening, as a means of seeking Allah’s protection throughout the day.

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